(above - Sarah and Jaye take a closer look at a Great Horned Owl at Giant Springs State Park during "count day"-photo-Beth Hill)
Upper Missouri Breaks Audubon 2019 Christmas Bird Count is in the books. It was UMBA's 47th Christmas Bird Count and the 120th National Audubon Christmas Bird Count (CBC). The count takes place in many parts of the world between December 14 and January 5. Upper Missouri Breaks Audubon’s 2019 CBC occurred December 21. UMBA first participated in 1911, then 1918, 1954-1960. UMBA has held annual CBCs since 1981. This year 34 participants counted 32,485 birds and 54 species. In 2017, 34 folks counted 25,692 birds/66 species; in 2018, 30 folks counted 23,683 birds/50 species. The weather this year was balmy (42 F-59F) and WINDY (37mph peak at 1 PM). We think the wind kept the song bird count down. Since the weather was warm for several days, the passerines (the songbirds) were probably able to foraging out of sight without having to fly in such high winds. We hope you will join us next year for the CBC. It really is a fun day and dinner together!
Our bird list follows: (CW = seen during count week but not on count day)
Snow Goose 12; Cackling Goose 624; Canada Goose 24,240; American Wigeon 18; Mallard 2170; Canvasback 2; Redhead 57; Ring-necked Duck 17; Lesser Scaup 7; Bufflehead 192; Common Goldeneye 1382; Barrow’s Goldeneye 21; Hooded Merganser 1; Common Merganser 20; Ring-necked Pheasant 11; Wild Turkey 46; Sharp-tailed Grouse CW; Pied-billed Grebe – CW; Double-crested Cormorant –CW; Bald Eagle 25; No. Harrier 1; Sharp-shinned Hawk 1; Northern Goshawk 2; Cooper’s Hawk 2; Red-tailed Hawk 9; Harlan’s Hawk(red-tail) 1; Rough-legged Hawk 15; Golden Eagle 10; Merlin 1; Prairie Falcon CW; Peregrine Falcon 1; American Coot 160; Rock Pigeon 380; Eurasian-collared Dove 227; Mourning Dove 5; Great Horned Owl 2; Belted Kingfisher 2; Downy Woodpecker 21; Hairy Woodpecker –CW; Northern Red-shafted Flicker 14; Northern Shrike 1; Blue Jay 14; Black-billed Magpie 220; American Crow 20; Common Raven 18; Horned lark 8; Black-capped Chickadee 186; Mountain Chickadee 1; Red-breasted Nuthatch 10; White-breasted Nuthatch 2; Brown Creeper 2; Townsend’s Solitaire 3; American Robin 3; European Starling 664; Bohemian Waxwing – CW; Red-winged Blackbird 1; Common Grackle 1; House Finch 204; House Sparrow 1437.
This Northern Goshawk surprised everyone when he swooped into Giant Springs Park - and stayed put in an ash tree long enough for the entire group of 6 could get good looks. Photo-Beth Hill
UMBA invites anyone interested in helping with this year’s census to come to the December 9, 2019 chapter meeting, 7:00 PM in the FWP Regional Headquarters conference room (4600 Giant Springs Road). Participants will be assigned to one of 10 area teams with experienced team leaders. Some areas are primarily drive/stop. Other areas involve a lot of walking. Inexperienced birders can serve as the team scribe, help spot, take pictures or count while learning to identify the birds. The leader packets will be given out at the meeting. If you can’t get out for the day (or half-day) you can add to the data collected by counting the birds in your yard or at your feeder. Take 10 minutes to observe and count. Send your results to our compiler – Nora Gray by December 28th.
On count day - Saturday, December 21 - dress WARMLY, bring a thermos with a hot drink and a lunch, binoculars, a scope and a bird field guide (if you have them), AND a sense of adventure. Most teams begin their count around 8:00 AM and finish around 4:00 or 5:00 PM, depending on the weather and size of their count area. Check with your area team leader about where & when to meet Saturday morning. Some groups enjoy breakfast at Lippi’s restaurant on the west side of Great Falls before beginning their count day.
At 5:00 PM participants and other interested folks may join UMBA for the wrap-up session that includes pizza in the FWP Regional Headquarters conference room. This year we are asking everyone to bring a salad or dessert to share (something easy for you to make ahead). UMBA will provide the pizza and drinks (remember – no alcohol on FWP property). Each area leader reports the number of species and birds seen that day and then gives highlights of that area’s sightings. UMBA will pay for CBC participants’ dinners; nonparticipants will pay $7 each. Please let Nora Gray know if you'll join us for pizza by Wednesday, December 18, firstname.lastname@example.org; 781-4153. In case of inclement weather, the dinner will be canceled and the count will be held Sunday, December 22.
All questions regarding the Christmas Bird Count should be directed to Nora Gray, email@example.com or 781-4153.
Montana Audubon is hosting a free, public event in at Giant Springs State Park on October 5th, 2019 highlighting the importance of one of our nation's most effective and important tools for protecting habitat and recreation, the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF). Guided bird walks in and around Giant Springs will occur on a rotating basis during the morning. A brief speaking session (~20 min) will occur about 12:30 pm, with live music and food provided.
This event is intended to be educational in nature, providing the public with information about the significance of LWCF (Giant Springs State Park was established with LWCF funding) as well as a "soft ask" for folks to send postcards to Montana's congressional delegation in support of full, permanent and dedicated funding for this 55-year old program.
Upper Missouri Breaks Audubon will be leading the bird walks. Volunteers are needed for these short walks. If you are interested contact Beth Hill, firstname.lastname@example.org. We will have an early bird walk that morning to scout out the birds and familiarize volunteers with the area.
We did it again – scheduled a great sounding field trip (3 days and 2 nights in yurts along the Judith River near its junction with the Missouri River) on a weekend when the forecast became cold and wet. The trip was cancelled and made a back-up plan to head west toward the front and stay on solid roads. Sunday May 19th looked like the best option. 3 of us decided to make a go of it. It was well worth going. It was cloudy; we had a brief period of rain, conveniently timed for a lunch break, and later in the afternoon the wind picked up. It was really good weather for finding birds. We started at Freezout Lake – it took us 3 hours of looking before we headed toward Choteau. Stops included the garage site, vault toilet stops, tour route, the dike between pond 1 and 2, and Priest Butte Lake. We could have spent the whole day observing. We observed a Great Horned Owl on her nest with 2 fuzzy owls. At the same site we were seeing Lark, White-crowned and Chipping Sparrows. A dark headed small bird was flitting about a building. The tail flipped over the back and at first we thought “house wren” but when we were able to see it more clearly as it explored the building for an opening the dark head, plain wings, light chest all pointed to an Eastern Phoebe. Historically this was a spot for a Say’s Phoebe – it was clearly not a Say’s Phoebe. A highlight was the Short-eared Owl that was doing a mating flight – so high, almost out of sight, and then he would swoop down and “clap” his wings. None of us had seen that before. Candace could even hear the low frequency “whoooooot-whooooot”. At that time there was no wind. While we were standing there at the vault toilet (what a unique observation point) the swallows were buzzing around us – Barn Swallows and Tree Swallows. Ducks, Killdeer, Pelicans, Geese, Cormorants – quite a list could be made from an unexpected spot. Tour route highlights included a single Marbled Godwit, many, many Western Grebes that were “neck dancing” with their mates. None seemed to want to perform a ballet for us, many Black-necked Stilts and just a few American Avocets, and great looks at Marsh Wrens. Surprising was the hundreds (seemed like hundreds) of Yellow-rumped Warblers in the sagebrush. When we could get a close look they all had a white throat – Myrtle Warblers. From the dike between pond 1 and 2 we could see many of the swallows were Cliff Swallows – not many cliffs close by. Of interest was one Bonaparte’s Gull, a first winter plumage individual. Although we could not find any White-faced Ibis hiding we did see one Black-crowned Night Heron take off. It started raining by the time we got to Priest Butte Lake – that didn’t stop the Great Blue Herons from stalking something. There was actually 3 in one small reed bed near us. There were also many more swallows. We made lunch in Choteau while watching Chipping Sparrows, House Sparrows and Eurasian Collared Doves. The rain stopped so off we went up the Teton Canyon Road. Eureka Reservoir was thick with swallows. The roadside around the reservoir was thick with Chipping Sparrows and more Myrtle Warblers – again it seemed like hundreds. And then we got to the Mountain Bluebirds. Some were claiming nest boxes; others were just in flocks – flocks of blue flitting through the air. They were brilliant. As we crossed onto Forest Service Road three large “headless” birds came soaring into view (Turkey Vultures), and the habitat changed – here we saw Audubon’s Warblers, more Chipping Sparrows, a Ruby-crowned Kinglet and a road that was slick, rutty and rocky. It seemed like a good place to turn around.
For some reason I thought we should stop by Garden Home Park to watch the Barrows Goldeneyes. We got out and suddenly they started flying past....about 50. They are so good looking. Velda picked up on the head shape difference between the Common and Barrow’s Goldeneyes pretty quick. There were some geese swimming up along the Bank and one was about 30% smaller and had a short stubby bill, I asked if they could see one that looked different. Yes! It was a Cackling Goose. Then as we were about ready to leave there was another small goose coming into view, but wait....it was a Greater White-fronted Goose and it even stood up and flapped, we could see the breast markings. Sweet. It was a life bird for both Velda and Laura. And easy to photograph! Later, as we were heading down the river road below Ulm we saw a small bird.... it looked like it was carrying something grasped in its feet. It landed in the stubble... a Shrike! It then came closer as it landed on the fence wire, but left the prey behind. Again, we had good looks for a minute. It finally flew off, but without the mouse/vole. It was another life bird for Laura. How often can you introduce several life birds to two people in one day? We saw at least 20 species including 3 Wild Turkeys, 8 Rough-legged Hawks, the first two were very dark, one Red-tailed Hawk, several Bald Eagles, two distant Golden Eagles, a Merlin, and a couple thousand geese.
UMBA’s 45th Christmas Bird Count (CBC) December 15, 2018
26 volunteers counted 50 species (total 23,683 birds) on count day with an additional 2 species during count week. The windy and warm weather were factors in the lower count numbers. When the river is partly frozen, duck species bunch together in open areas which means easier counting. The gusty winds Great Falls had over several days can result in birds holding tight rather than flying in the wind. However, bird feeder watchers may not notice a difference in their numbers as feeders are usually placed in somewhat protected areas. On the annual Christmas Bird Count Day, we wish folks with feeders would consider reporting their findings to us or perhaps allow us to observe their feeder that day.
In spite of the wind, we enjoyed the day scouting for the birds which call the Great Falls area home in December! Upper Missouri Breaks Audubon (UMBA)Chapter welcomes new folks with or without birding experience. Please consider joining the count next December!
Following is the list of observed species and numbers. (cw= count week, not count day)
Cackling Goose 1 Northern Flicker(unknown species) 22
Canada Goose 18,686 Northern Red-shafted Flicker 19 Tundra Swan 1 Blue Jay 2
American Wigeon 2 Black-billed Magpie 207
Mallard 313 American Crow 8
Redhead 10 Common Raven 8
Ring-necked Duck 1 Horned Lark 27
Lesser Scaup 6 Black-capped Chickadee 271
Bufflehead 66 Red-breasted Nuthatch 5
Common Goldeneye 270 Brown Creeper 1
Barrow’s Goldeneye 20 American Dipper 1
Hooded Merganser 13 American Robin 16
Common Merganser 10 European Starling 1209
Ring-necked Pheasant 25 Cedar Waxwing 7
Wild Turkey 39 American Tree Sparrow 30
Pied-billed Grebe 1 Song Sparrow 1
American White Pelican 3 Dark-eyed(Oregon) Junco 15
Double-crested Cormorant cw Dark-eyed(Slate) Junco 5
Bald Eagle 26 House Finch 242
Northern Harrier 2 House Sparrow 818
Sharp-shinned Hawk 3
Cooper’s Hawk 1
Red-tailed Hawk 8
Rough-legged Hawk 20
Golden Eagle 4
Prairie Falcon 1
American Coot 165
Ring-billed Gull 1
Rock Pigeon 850
Eurasian-collared Dove 252
Great Horned Owl 3
Belted Kingfisher 1
Downy Woodpecker 9
UMBA booked the Judith Ranger Station June 29, 2018 for an overnight field trip.
The ranger station and surrounding area is special to UMBA as Jean Setter, UMBA founding member, lived nearby on her parent's homestead. Jean walked over to the ranger station for piano lessons and was a key reference to restore the ranger station and get in placed on the National Register.
While the weather was cool driving in and we experienced a couple of rain showers, the birds and the wildflowers were showy and abundant.
Red Wing Blackbird
Red Tail Hawk
We walked up north to Jean Setter's homestead and enjoyed the sounds of 15 horses on a pack ride.
A June trip is sure to have plenty of wildflowers, with the hillsides pink with color!
We took a hike up Hay Canyon and enjoyed the shady flowers including clematis and columbine.
The Judith Basin in June is special and we hope to visit again.
Thirteen lucky individuals participated in this year's Raptor class, eager to improve their hawk and eagle identification skills. About 1/3 of the group was taking the class for their second time because they enjoyed the first round so much, and we quickly discovered we were in for a real treat. Attendees from as far as Seattle and Billings gathered at FWP in Great Falls Friday night for a slideshow presentation and Saturday field trip. Our enthusiastic guide Steve Hoffman, the Bozeman-based former director of Montana Audubon and walking encyclopedia of hawk and eagle knowledge, dazzled us "fledglings" with many wonderful photographs and helpful ID tips.
After two hours of drinking from Steve's fire hose, we knew our dihedral (upward angled wings from horizontal, Golden Eagles have a little bit of it especially at the wing tips while Bald's wings stay flat in flight) from our diurnal (active during the day, opposite of nocturnal) and a veritable feast of diagnostic hawk characteristics. We also learned many interesting facts about the various raptor migration patterns, habitat needs, and survival strategies. Who knew male Northern Harriers are polygynous -as in polygamy- they mate with multiple females and they hunt for and provide food to their multiple ladies! Also, even though Shrikes (Northern in MT in winter, Loggerhead in MT in Summer) kill and eat meat they are not part of the raptor family. Raptors, it turns out, are distinguished from all other birds by their powerful talon tipped feet. Also fascinating were the human impacts on raptor habitat from oil and gas development and emerging conservation efforts in Mexico and South America.
The class spent Saturday on the pastoral back roads south of Great Falls, looping from Eden bridge and lunch on the banks of the Smith River, to Cascade and Ulm. With the short grass prairie in its vivid "full green" our group marveled at sightings of Osprey with fish, Swainson's and Cooper's hawks, Kestrel, well over a dozen Bald and Golden eagles, Short eared owls, and even side by side male and female Northern Harriers. Curlews, Sandhill cranes, and Snipes graced our presence; yes, snipes exist and are super cute! Mother Nature also provided stunning views of the largest and rarest hawk in North America, the magnificent Ferruginous. For ID think light/light/light: light head, light chest/body, light tail with rusty red top of wings.* There is a dark morph as well but less than 10% of the population.
A few of the many additional sightings included "all the Teals", Lark buntings, Upland sandpiper, Phalaropes, Godwit, Sandhill Cranes, Turkeys, Redheads, Pintail, Gadwall, Turkey Vultures, Yellow Warbler, and Black Angus beef on the hoof. This driving loop really showcases the stunning bird and raptor habitat that is our central MT backyard.
We would like to acknowledge Beth Hill and Candace Beery for making this class happen, and for providing close up views with Beth's new spotting scope. Thanks also to Montana FWP for their continued support of UMBA allowing us the use of their facility. Finally, a huge thank you to Steve Hoffman for coming up to Great Falls for the weekend to help us learn our raptors, and for his lifetime commitment to our feather friends. - UMBA Raptor Class of 2018
Lastly, Drew Marsh is leading a group trip to the Duck Pass - Golden Eagle Migration Survey (GEMS) observation site 20 miles West of White Sulfur in the Big Belt Mountains in early October. Surveyors count 2,000-3,000 golden eagles each Fall, with peak single day counts of 200-300! Stay tuned to UMBA for more details coming out in August.
P.S. Steve Hoffman now owns/leads birding tours throughout Central and South America year round. Check out upcoming trips at https://merlinbirding.com. I can't think of a better guide for the international trip of a lifetime!
The monthly program this month will be Monday, February 12th at 7 pm in the conference room at FWP on Giant Springs Road. The program is free and open to the public. Who would have thought a hawkwatch could be in Cut Bank, Montana? Well, come find out.
One blustery spring day in 2016, Kate Atkins walked out of the grocery store in Cut Bank and noticed a Red-tailed Hawk cruising north over the parking lot - followed by another, and another, and another. In a mere 20 minutes, 17 Red-tails had streamed overhead. Due to that fateful grocery run, the Cut Bank Hawkwatch has been casually counted by raptor biologists living in the area during the fall of 2016, spring 2017, and again in the fall of 2017 - and the raptor research community has taken notice. The location is unconventional, the species are varied and heavily weighted to the plains raptors we all know well along the Rocky Mountain Front. Kate Atkins and Tom Magarian are pursuing a relationship with Hawkwatch International to hire a counter for the fall of 2018, and they need our help. On February 12, they'll present on the unique aspects of the watch, and what the future may hold. Kate and Tom are biologists living in Cut Bank, employed by the wind farms, have shown what a varied bird community surrounds Cut Bank, if they aren't working observing birds they are observing birds on their time off (or fishing - you can do both at the same time).
On a sunny & windy January day, we looked for wintering raptors between Cascade and Great Falls. Winter is a great time to search as the trees have no leaves, making it easier to spot birds on tree limbs. We spotted: 3 Prairie Falcons, 3 Golden Eagles, 1 Red-Tailed Hawk, 3 Roughleg Hawks, 6 Bald Eagles, 1 juvenile Goshawk, numerous Ravens & Magpies, 250 Common Goldeneye, deer and antelope, and 1 raccoon in a tree cavity. It was a fun morning! Two sightings were particularly memorable---a golden eagle perched on a dirt pile, hunkered down from the wind, but scouting for food, and another Golden Eagle perched in a favorite tree with the sunlight just right to bring out the golden feathers--beautiful.
Audubon Board Members maintain this blog of chapter activities.